Buddhism is a religion to about 350 million people around the world. The word comes from ‘budhi’ (to awaken). It has its origins about 2,500 years ago when Siddhartha(Goutam) known as the Buddha, was himself awakened (enlightened) at the age of 35.Buddhism takes as its goal the escape from suffering and from the cycle of rebirth: the attainment of nirvana. Buddhism explains a purpose to life, it explains apparent injustice and inequality around the world and it provides a code of practice or way of life that leads to true happiness.Here is an overview of the most famous Buddhist temples in the world.
Borobudur is the largest and most famous Buddhist temple in the world. This famous Buddhist temple, dating from the 8th and 9th centuries, is located on the Indonesian island of Java, 40 km northwest of Yogyakarta
2 – BAGAN
Bagan, located on the banks of the Ayeyarwady River, is home to the largest and densest concentration of Buddhist temples, pagodas, stupas and ruins in the world.
3 – SHWEDAGON PAGODA
The Shwedagon Pagoda is one of the most famous pagodas in the world and it is certainly the main attraction of Yangon, Myanmar’s capital city.
4 – MAHABODHI TEMPLE
The Mahabodhi Temple Complex is one of the four holy sites related to the life of the Lord Buddha, and particularly to the attainment of Enlightenment. The Mahabodhi Temple Complex, Bodh Gaya lies 115 km south of the state capital of Bihar, Patna in Eastern India.
5 – BOUDHANATH
Boudhanath Stupa is the largest stupa in Nepal and the holiest Tibetan Buddhist temple outside Tibet Located in a suburb of Kathmandu.Boudhanath is one of the largest stupas in the world.
6 – TODAIJI TEMPLE
Todaiji, a temple complex in the city of Nara in Nara Prefecture, was built in the 8th century by Emperor Shomu as the head temple of all provincial Buddhist temples of Japan.
The Jokhang Temple in Lhasa is the most important sacred site in Tibetan Buddhism attracting thousands of pilgrims each year. Included on UNESCO’s World Heritage list in 2000 as part of the PotalaPalace , the Jokhang Temple is located in central Lhasa.
8- PHA THAT LUANG
Svelte and golden Pha That Luang is the most important national monument in Laos; a symbol of Buddhist religion and Lao sovereignty. The stupa has several terraces with each level representing a different stage of Buddhist enlightenment.
Unbelievably, there are over 31200 Buddhist temples spread around Thailand. In Thai these are called wat. One of these, the WatArun or the Temple of Dawn, is named after Aruna, the Indian God of Dawn.
10- HAEINSA TEMPLE
Located on Gaya Mountain in Hapcheon-gun region in South Gyeongsang Province, the Haeinsa, this temple is considered as one of the three Jewel Temple of South Korea that represent three jewels of Buddhism- Buddha, dharma and sangh.
The WatTraimit temple in the China Town area of Bangkok is a Royal temple famous for the enormous gold Buddha image it houses.
12-TIAN TAN BUDDHA
The Tian Tan Buddha on Lantau Island is the biggest sitting Buddha statue built outdoor. This majestic statue sits atop the peak of Mount MukYue.